STEP 4 Monitoring and evaluation

Monitoring and evaluation

In making any project successful it is important to monitor whether things are changing or have changed. There are lots of different ways to do this: before and after photos; knowledge and attitude questionnaires; meter readings; analysis of electricity and water bills; transport surveys; litter counts; biodiversity surveys; waste audits and so on. Eco-Committees need to lead on design and implementation of their monitoring and evaluation but they might want to ask their science, maths and ICT teachers for help. School site managers, bursars, business managers and head teachers can probably help too.

Monitoring and Evaluation Criteria

See below for the Eco-Schools criteria required for Monitoring and Evaluation.

  • Your Eco-Committee monitors the effectiveness of their Eco-Schools work: via data collection or before and after photographs etc.
  • This evidence is communicated to the whole school and on display on your Eco-Board.
  • Some monitoring data has been effectively used in curriculum work for example creating graphs and charts on energy and water usage to be used in maths lessons (this also supports Step 6).
  • Evidence and data collected has been analysed and evaluated to help pupils develop further actions.

How to monitor and evaluate your progress

Monitoring and evaluation is pupil-led, an ongoing process and should inform your project work.

Your methods of monitoring will depend on the targets and measurement criteria set out in your Action Plan, as well as the age and ability of pupils, staff and helpers. You may wish to consider the following forms of monitoring:

Meter readings to show the effects of energy/water-saving activities.

Litter/waste audits to show the effects of litter/recycling initiatives.

Calculating financial savings from bills to show the effects of energy/water-saving initiatives (where meters are not accessible)

Gaining perceptions of the changes that have taken place from pupils, staff, residents, local community. Carrying out this type of measuring complements whole school involvement.

Before, during and after photographs as visual evidence to support your Green Flag application/assessment

Listing evidence of wildlife/species to show the effects of school grounds development.

Report on and save your findings to make sure the rest of the school is aware of the progress being made and so that you have the evidence you need to pass your Green Flag assessment.

Encourage pupils to undertake the monitoring wherever possible to help foster a greater sense of ownership towards the project.

Learning outcomes

Monitoring and evaluation are related but slightly different disciplines. Pupils can gain several new skills through this step.

A diverse range of skills can be developed while monitoring and evaluating your project work. This depends on the methodology you choose. There are a lot of opportunities to link to the curriculum through this step and to get non Eco-Committee pupils involved.

  • Numeracy
  • Design
  • Inquiry
  • Reflection
  • Communication
  • Photography
  • Accuracy
  • Scientific survey
  • ICT


Interactive Eco-School

You can find a greener version of pretty much everything your school uses; pencils, carpets, uniforms, energy. Here you can investigate how you can ‘green’ your school

Interactive Eco-School